By Isla Ramos
On September 18, 21
Expression lines arise due to weather, excessive exposure to the sun and other factors. To prevent and treat the problem, some specific care is needed. So, check out the following tips from dermatologist Stella Oliveira Meireles Siqueira (CRM SP: 216632), HCSG, on the subject.
What Causes Expression Lines
According to Stella, sun exposure is a major factor causing expression lines, because “ultraviolet radiation is related to increased degradation and reduced production of collagen in the skin. The damage to the skin caused by prolonged and unprotected exposure to the sun is known as photoaging”.
Genetic influence also makes some people more likely to have fine lines. As well as oxidative stress, which can cause cell damage, triggering aging. In addition, lifestyle habits also contribute to the emergence of expression lines, for Stella, “poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, alcohol use and lack of skin care can be factors that increase oxidative stress”.
Early Expression Lines
Can expression lines appear early? What are the causes? The dermatologist reinforced that sun exposure is one of the main villains, due to ultraviolet radiation. “Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) prematurely ages the skin, being responsible for the formation of fine and deep wrinkles, heterogeneous pigmentation, skin blemishes and changes in skin texture, making it rougher”, added Stella.
Stella explained that “smoking can also induce premature skin aging, as it can alter the blood flow to the skin, promote the accumulation of free radicals and decrease collagen and vitamin A levels.” In other words, in addition to triggering various diseases, smoking also contributes to premature aging of the skin.
The dermatologist mentioned that the repetitive movement of the facial muscles in some everyday actions, such as smiling, frowning, chewing and squinting, can, over time, lead to skin marking, forming wrinkles and signs of premature aging.
How to prevent fine lines: cautions and tips
It’s no secret that the best way to not have fine lines is to prevent the action of skin aging. Check out the dermatologist’s tips for taking care of the skin correctly below:
- Use sunscreen: as ultraviolet radiation is one of the main causes of the problem, using sunscreen, in adequate quantity and reapplied during the day, is very important;
- Quit smoking: as Stella explained, smoking brings several harms, and can alter the blood flow in the skin, promote the accumulation of free radicals, among others;
- Avoid diets with a high glycemic index: “Excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates accelerates the skin aging process”, explained the dermatologist;
- Drink water: yes, water is powerful! Ingesting the proper amount of water hydrates the body, facilitating the elimination of toxins that contribute to skin aging.
- Avoid excessive alcohol consumption: alcoholic beverages can stimulate the formation of free radicals, so taking care in ingestion favors the maintenance of healthier skin;
- Proper treatment: consulting a dermatologist is essential to discovering your appropriate skin type, products, and treatments. So you can prevent the signs of aging effectively and safely.
With these tips it is possible to prevent lines in advance. A great ally are the specific products that can help to minimize them, check out some options below.
The best products for expression lines
Investing in anti-aging products and a good sunscreen with antioxidant ingredients helps you stay away from fine lines or smooth out existing ones. Check out the best options:
1. Vitamin C Principia Serum – $$
Principia has products of the highest quality and most affordable prices. The brand’s vitamin C contains a simple formula with 10% vitamin C and 0.5% ferulic acid e. This product can be used on the entire face, promoting uniformity and smoothing of fine lines, or in the eyes region to reduce dark circles and bags.
“The texture is very liquid and the skin quickly absorbs the product. Does not leave the face sticky/sticky or oily, it stays very dry. I feel it leaves my skin more luminous, even and with a beautiful freshness! I use it daily in the morning routine. Also, the price is great! Super affordable and yields a lot. Greatly approved! It is the type of product that works for all types of skin, dry or oily.
” – Skin_products
2. L’Oréal Paris Revitalift Laser X3 Anti-Aging Cream – $$
With an excellent cost-benefit ratio, this cream is indicated for a more mature skin that needs an extra layer of hydration. The formula has properties that help support the skin and ensure firmer and denser skin with a defined contour.
“Fairer facial skin and reduced expression lines. Hydration of the skin also improves a lot: those expression lines and little Chinese mustache… It can pass on the neck, those old lines that start to appear (…). The result is very good, it really softens!” – Priscilla Azevedo
3. La Roche-Posay Anthelios Hydraox anti-aging sunscreen SPF 60 – $$$
Sunscreen is one of the key elements when it comes to preventing signs of aging such as fine lines. With a more watery and fluid texture, this protector offers SPF 60 and is an indication for those looking for the anti-aging protection combo.
“It becomes invisible, it leaves no white trail. After it dries, it forms a very discreet film and the most interesting thing about it, for me, comes now: it has an FPS 60 and a very high PPD of 46 (…). So, for those who focus on anti-aging care and care in relation to melasma, treatment of blemishes, this PPD is very interesting, because UVA/UVB rays are the main causes of blemishes on the skin and the destruction of collagen in our skin.” – Luciana Vilela
4. Eucerin Hyaluron-filler Daily Booster – $$$
As a mega-moisturizer, it’s perfect for mature skin! This Eucerin product helps to strengthen the skin barrier and helps reduce wrinkles and lines. It has a lean formula, with only 11 ingredients in the form of a moisturizing gel, which delivers lightness and prolonged action.
“It is great for all skin types, even the sensitive ones, and also for all ages. If you have mature skin, usage is even more important. This Eucerin product has two types of hyaluronic, which means penetration into more skin layers. It’s super-concentrated, but when you apply it, it’s light. It yields a lot and the skin absorbs well, it doesn’t have that oily look.” – Skin and feminities
5. Avene A-Oxitive Eye Rejuvenating Serum – $$$$
Considered one of the best products for the eyes area, in terms of hydration and improvement of signs of aging, this product provides a refreshed look with a surprising freshness. It can be used on all skin types, even the most sensitive and oily ones.
“I noticed a fresh and hydrated skin, you wake up in the morning with this region well hydrated. So, hydration is the first thing you’ll notice. It’s about applying and feeling your skin hydrated, and the more you use it, the more you feel hydrated and revitalized skin. I also noticed an improvement in the fine lines (…). I noticed, during this time of use, that these lines softened well. I’m finding this skin very good now!” – Beauty Questions
6. Vichy Peptide-AHA Anti-Aging Serum – $$$$
Chosen for its performance in improving pores and skin texture, this serum is a wrinkle and oil corrector. It has pro-collagen and is great for combination and oily skin, especially to prevent or treat the first signs of wrinkles and expression lines.
“I really liked the texture of it, as it has this feeling of making the skin softer, but it doesn’t feel sticky at all. It stays very dry, with a very matte skin. And I did feel several benefits of it on my skin over that time. The first benefits I felt were related to oiliness and pore reduction – which I liked a lot (…). Also, I felt a slight softening in some lines that I have mostly on my forehead.” – Vanity in Balance
7. Effaclar La Roche-Posay Anti-Aging Serum – $$$$
Designed for oily and acneic skin, this serum promises a chemical exfoliation of the skin. This is because the combination of acids present in the formula, such as glycolic acid, act on cell renewal, reducing wrinkles and lines.
“It reduces oiliness and skin imperfections, in addition to having anti-aging action. It has glycolic acid, which exfoliates on the skin’s surface, hyaluronic acid, anisic acid and LHA! The skin is too dry with it, when I apply the product it dries and leaves the skin without any shine, it greatly reduces the oiliness and appearance of the pores, but it does not dry out at all. With continuous use it also reduces blackheads, the skin becomes super smooth and reduces the appearance of lines.” – Porcelain skin
8. Lancôme Advanced Génifique Anti-Aging Serum – $$$$$
A product that adapts to different types of skin, even the most sensitive. It promotes a more hydrated, soft and smooth skin and acts on wrinkles and expression lines. According to the brand, it improves the skin’s natural recovery by 77% and a radiant face in a few days of use.
“It has an extremely light texture, which is quickly absorbed leaving the skin dry, without weighing or leaving the skin sticky. After applying it, I feel that the skin is soft, lush, hydrated, much smoother and fuller, with a slight lifting effect. With continued use, I noticed that it further improves the appearance of skin and fine lines, but nothing miraculous saw.
” – Skincare.simple
If you have deeper lines, one option is to seek appropriate treatment. So, check out more about that in the next topic.
Treatments for expression lines that prevent and care
To treat fine lines, it is ideal to follow a skincare routine, include sunscreen, and consult a dermatologist. However, there are some treatment options for those who have more marked lines. See below:
- Botulinum toxin application: “the application of botulinum toxin blocks muscle contraction in the muscle where it was applied, thus preventing the formation of fixed wrinkles”, explained Stella. This option prevents and helps in the treatment of fixed wrinkles caused by repetitive movements of the facial muscles;
- Use antioxidant: including the use of an antioxidant, such as vitamin C, helps treat fine lines. By inserting it in your skincare routine, there is the prevention of oxidative stress and consequent appearance of lines.
Take care of your skin and protect yourself from ultraviolet radiation. Enjoy and see how to choose the best sunscreen for your face!